How many species of Peony are there, and the meaning of each type?


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Peony is also known as the flower and is considered the queen of flowers. This flower is a symbol of wealth and prosperity. So do you know how many types of Peony flowers there are? What destiny is the peony tree suitable for? How to plant and care for this flower? Please read the article below from Green Garden for more information!

What flower is Peony?

Peony is a beautiful flower that belongs to two types of herbaceous plants and small woody plants that can live for a very long time. In our country, this flower is known by another name: Hoa Trang or Peony . This flower is considered a symbol of power and wealth. In Japan, the Peony flower represents fidelity and happiness in marriage.

Characteristics of the Peony flower plant

Peony has the scientific name Ixora Coccinea, English name is Peony, belongs to the Thien Thao family. The flower originates from China. This flower is considered the " national beauty of heaven " and is known as the queen of flowers. The tree has some outstanding external morphological characteristics such as:

  • Peony is a plant with two forms: herbaceous and small woody, capable of living for a long time, while the herbaceous form has a shorter lifespan. The height of the mature tree can be up to 3.5m.
  • The roots of the woody Peony plant usually grow in bunches, while the herbaceous form has fat roots but usually gradually gets smaller towards the tip or has a bulbous shape.
  • Peony tree leaves often grow apart and have compound leaves, with thick leaf blades and a predominantly green color
  • Peony flowers when blooming grow singly at the tip of the branches, the blooms are large, the main color is red and looks very beautiful, the peony fruit is black.

How many types of Peony plants are there?

In the current ornamental plant market, based on morphological characteristics, growth and origin, Peony plants are divided into the following types:

Our Peony

Also known as the Bong Trang tree , this is a woody plant with a small tree size and many branches that often grow into thick clumps. The characteristic of this flower variety is that the base of the bark is rough and dark gray-brown in color. . A mature Peony tree can be up to 4 meters tall

Peony flowers often come in varieties such as red, white or maybe yellow flowers, the flowers grow in many luxuriant clusters at the ends of the branches. Each flower usually has 4 small petals and a tall and quite long sepal.

Forest Peony

This is a plant that grows wild on high hills or mountain forests with the characteristic of having large, tall stems that do not grow in clusters like our Peonies and their flowers are smaller. The Forest Peony tree is quite diverse in color and has strong vitality due to its natural characteristics.

Chinese Peony

Peony plant or can be called Chinese Peony , large-flowered Peony, crowning flowers, rich flowers... This is a herbaceous plant , scientifically named Paeonia, belonging to the Paeoniaceae family - originating from the region. south in Europe, Asia and western North America. This is a Peony flower plant with a known history of more than 4,000 years and appears in many feng shui paintings and embroidery.

Thai Peony

The shape is similar to our peony , the tree is about 25-60cm tall. If the tree grows naturally, it will reach a height of 1-3m depending on the person taking care of it. This is a Thai Peony plant with a height of about 25 - 60cm, in the wild it can reach 1-3m.

This flowering shrub has many branches, is strong and has a dark brown stem. Some perennial trees can reach a diameter of 3 - 10cm. Thai peonies often form quite large clusters, with 4 branch tips and quite narrow corolla tubes. The large flower cluster will usually grow at the tip of the branch. The flowers are durable but do not have a special fragrance.

Japanese Peony

This type of Japanese Peony is a small tree with quite smooth stems and branches, about 0.6 - 2 m tall. The small leaves grow symmetrically, almost without stems, the leaf blade is smooth, oval in shape, with two pointed ends, about 5 - 10cm long, 3 - 5 cm wide. The flowers are small, quite long, red, growing in clusters at the tip of the branches.

Small-leaved Peony

Small-leaved Peony is a small tree species, often growing in the form of a bush. The small-leaved Peony tree has the characteristic of blooming profusely and blooming all year round. The small-leaved peony tree prefers bright light, however it can also tolerate partial shade and is quite drought tolerant and grows more slowly.

Wooden Peony

The woody Peony is a perennial plant in the form of a shrub with a height of 0.5-3m. This type is most grown in Vietnam. The trunk is usually gray-brown in color when new branches turn yellow-brown. The trunk is spindly and falls off in winter. The plant is loved for its very large flower size, which can be up to 30cm.

Herbaceous Peony

Herbaceous peonies are quite unique flowers that are only about 30 - 150cm tall. The flowers often tend to droop and have small sizes, thin petals, and many layers. Herbaceous Peonies often go dormant and only begin to grow in the spring. This is a special feature of this flower.

American Peony

American Peony is an extremely beautiful ornamental flower, the plant possesses extremely eye-catching round red flower clusters. The American Peony has a higher height than other types of Peonies because it grows in clusters and escapes with one root.

The flower petals of the American Peony are usually wider than those of the Thai Peony. They are pointed at the end and are usually green, grow from the bottom up and have beautiful flowers. The flowers are usually bright pink and red, have small, long petals and grow in many clusters with a sympathetic feature.

American peonies currently have 4 main and quite popular colors: pink American peony, red American peony, orange American peony and yellow American peony.

Double-petal Peony

The double Peony species is worthy of being called the national beauty of heaven, and is currently sought after by many flower lovers. This is a light-loving plant, not suitable for shade or darkness, and has good cold tolerance. When planting this flower, you need to prepare the best soil conditions so that the plant has ideal growing conditions.

1-stem Peony

The single-stem Peony, also known as the Escape Peony , has a tree with large clusters of attractive red flowers. The plant has the characteristic of growing in clusters and is quite ideal for growing on urban land, building trees, or even shining in the corner of your garden.

Peony is a large tree with many branches. The flower's stem is usually gray-brown in color and has a smooth surface. Therefore, the selling price of a single-stem peony tree is much higher in value than other types of peonies on the market

What does the Peony flower mean?

Each Peony flower of each different species has an extremely unique beauty, the flower has a beautiful shape with delicate, smooth petals beautifully arranged from the center outward. They have many diverse colors such as: white, pink, red, turquoise, yellow, purple, etc. What is even more special is that the flowers are very durable and can bloom over time. up to 7-10 days, in addition to the passionate fragrance that makes us excited and excited.

The meaning of the Peony flower in reality has many benefits, such as creating a space with beautiful flowers and increasing the aesthetics of the place where it appears. In addition, depending on the color, Peony flowers bring unique meanings to their owners.

White Peony : symbolizes purity and purity, in addition it also shows the sophistication and elegance of the flower. Because it is considered a symbol of luck and wealth, the red Peony is often chosen as the opening flower for many stores.

Purple Peony: has very fragile wings but is extremely resilient against harsh winds and storms. This is the reason why people compare this flower to a powerful, seductive woman, but always hides a sadness that is difficult to describe.

Yellow Peony : brings brilliance and brightness, symbolizing youth with many passions, aspirations, wanting to burn out and the will to never give up in the face of difficulties and challenges.

Pink Peony : often given to beautiful girls who deserve to be loved and respected.

Although each color of the Peony flower will correspond to a specific meaning, in feng shui, the Peony flower is considered a symbol of luck in karma. Many feng shui experts believe that if you hang a picture of Peony flowers in your home, it will bring you pure love, a wonderful relationship or a perfect married life. iron lipstick.

On the other hand, the feng shui Peony flower symbolizes wealth and prosperity, it will have a noble and elegant beauty, each thin petal arranged in many tight layers symbolizes luck and fortune.

What destiny is the Peony flower suitable for? What age?

Surely you are interested and wondering: in feng shui, "what destiny and age are peonies suitable for?" You can grow this plant. Green Garden would like to share with readers some useful information about peony feng shui as follows:

What destiny is the Peony flower suitable for?

According to the Five Elements that complement each other and East Asian feng shui documents, the Peony flower belongs to the Fire element, has green leaves and a characteristic red flower color, so the Peony flower will be suitable for the Fire element and the Earth element (due to Fire) . giving birth to Earth) .

If people of these two destiny signs plant Peony flowers in front of their house, they will have good luck, fortune, predestined relationships, encounter many good things, and have everything perfect. Therefore, from ancient times until now, peonies have always been the top choice for feng shui flower selection factors

Currently, peony varieties have been bred and have many colors with more destiny signs such as: white peony, yellow peony . Therefore, you have more opportunities to grow peonies and suit your destiny

At what age can you plant and hang peonies indoors?

In addition to the element of compatibility with destiny, you will probably also be interested in " what age is the peony plant suitable for ", because this is a factor in feng shui based on the age at which it is suitable for planting. The peony tree is suitable for the ages of Pig, Dragon, Dog, Snake and Rooster. If you meet the destiny and age factors, it will help you choose the most meaningful and suitable feng shui tree for you.

In fact, there are many other factors that can affect the age of planting and hanging peonies in the house. Based on the Perpetual Calendar, some suggestions you can refer to for suitable ages to hang Peony flower paintings are Tuat (1994), Hoi (1995), Dragon (1988), Snake (1989), Mui (1979), Rooster (2017).

Earth elements suitable for growing peonies will be people born in the year of the Pig, Dragon, or Dog (compatible): Mau Dan (1938, 1998), Tan Suu (1961, 2021), Canh Ngo (1990, 1930). , Ky Mao (year 1939, 1999), Mau Than (year 1968, 2028), Tan Mui (year 1991, 1931), Binh Tuat (year 1946, 2006), Ky Dau (year 1969, 2029), Dinh Hoi (year 1947, 2007), Binh Thin (1976, 2036), Canh Ty (1960, 2020), Dinh Ty (1977, 2037)

People of the Fire element compatible with growing peonies are people born in the year of the Snake, Goat, and Rooster (compatible): Giap Tuat (1934, 1994), Dinh Dau (1957, 2017), Binh Dan (1986, 1926), At Hoi (1935, 1995), Giap Thin (1964, 2024), Dinh Mao (1987, 1927), Binh Than (1956, 2016), Ky Mui (1979, 2039), Mau Ty (1948, 2008 ), At Ty (1965, 2025), Ky Suu (1949, 2009), Mau Ngo (1978, 2038)

Should you plant a Peony tree in front of your house?

If you want to have good fortune, always have abundant blessings, and have a favorable job, you should plant pink or red Peony flowers on your front porch. Planting peonies in front of the house will help bring wealth and luck into the home for the homeowner.

Uses of the Peony flower plant

Peony trees are grown mainly as ornamental plants to decorate gardens, create landscapes for campuses, buildings such as families, temples, etc. In addition, the tree is also grown for flowers to burn incense during holidays. Full moon and first day are very beautiful and meaningful

In Oriental medicine, research suggests that the Peony flower has a peaceful nature, a bitter taste, and enters the two meridians of the heart and liver. The use of flowers is to regulate menstruation, relieve stagnation of blood, and is often used to treat diseases in women with menstrual irregularities, including cases of dislocated limbs, injuries, pain in the back and waist area. The bark of the peony tree has also been used as medicine and is called dan bi. An extremely effective and easy to prepare medicinal ingredient.

Instructions on how to arrange beautiful Peony flowers

One of the most chosen peony varieties for arranging is the herbaceous peony , while peonies are often used as flowers for burning incense on the altar. To arrange beautiful flowers, you need to prepare: Peonies in your favorite color + vase + tape.


Step 1: Use a paper towel or napkin to dry the mouth of the bottle so that the tape sticks tightly

Step 2: Secure the vase with tape because the size of the Peony flower is quite large.

Step 3: Remove unnecessary foliage on the lower stem before planting and use scissors to cut the base of the plant diagonally up about 1 - 2 cm. Do the same one by one and place the flowers inside the vase.

Step 4: To create a beautiful Peony flower vase, people can combine it with other types of flowers such as: Pomegranate, roses, and willow flowers.

How to propagate Peony plants

Although the Peony tree has flowers but no fruit, to propagate Peony flowers you can use the cutting method, this is the only and highly effective method. The steps for extracting peony branches are as follows:

Step 1: Choose a suitable nursery tray with drainage holes before propagating beautiful Peony flowers.

Step 2: Choose healthy, pest-free and disease-free branches of Banh Te (not too young or too old) for cuttings. Branch diameter for cuttings is chosen from 4 to 6mm and length from 10 - 15cm.

Step 3: Use sharp scissors to cut the cuttings properly, without causing bruises or scratches that affect the growth process of the tree.

Step 4: Use a rooting stimulator for the plant to help it grow better. You can use a tool to make a hole first and then cut the plant down.

Step 5: After a period of 10-15 days, our peony branches will begin to sprout young buds.

How to plant and care for Peony plants

In addition to meeting technical standards for seedlings, in order for peony plants to grow well and produce early, large and even flowers, you need to pay attention to some standards for planting and caring for plants as follows:

Planting technique : When the cuttings are large and healthy, we can plant them in the land as desired. When planting, dig a hole 20-30cm deep. The left hand holds the tree trunk, the right hand lightly fills the soil around the base, gently presses the tree to stand. Avoid breaking the roots and water thoroughly after planting. Because the cuttings are newly cut, the tree stump can easily lose moisture, so it needs to be covered around and secured on a net.

Soil : Peonies love sunlight, you should plant them in soil that has enough light, good drainage and is rich in nutrients.

Irrigation water : Provide water for plants at a moderate density to avoid rot. Just water the plant in the early morning or late afternoon.

Humidity : The plant can withstand short periods of drought, so you need to maintain moderate humidity, do not let the plant lack water or over-water to avoid rot.

Prune : Regularly prune dry branches, dry leaves, old leaves or branches that are too long. At this point, you can prune the branches and shape the tree as desired.

Fertilizer : You can use manure and organic fertilizer to supplement nutrients for good plant growth.

Pests and diseases : Regularly check and care for plants to prevent diseases such as root rot and rust.

Common diseases on Peony plants and how to treat them

Common diseases of Peonies include: gray rot, root rot, rust, mosaic, powdery mildew... These are all quite dangerous diseases. If you do not take timely measures, you can easily kill the plant. dead and difficult to cure


For Peony flowers that have been infected with gray rot, you should cut off the diseased part. It is important that diseased shoots do not end up in the compost pile. There is no cure for this disease, so it must be carefully prevented.

When people prepare planting material, it is necessary to carefully examine the roots and cut off damaged roots. This will effectively avoid root rot. When encountering mold, you should treat it with antifungal medication, use it regularly once a month, even when the plant has recovered from the disease.

How much do Peony flowers cost and where to buy seedlings?

Currently, the price of Peony seedlings with a height of less than 50cm, with a base diameter of less than 1cm, you only need to spend 10,000 - 30,000 VND/tree depending on the type. In addition, for mature trees, with a trunk diameter of 5 - 7cm, the price will be several hundred thousand or more. Mid-range, long-grown trees will cost about 1 - 3 million VND. Especially with bonsai peonies and ancient trees, they are worth up to tens of millions of dong.

Currently, Peony seedlings are sold in many areas and locations. If you want to buy, you can refer to Green Garden, which provides full information about the plants you are looking for. .

We provide complete and detailed information about the Peony flower above. We hope everyone will receive it and gain useful knowledge about this wonderfully beautiful flower. Don't forget to click Like, Share and visit Green Garden every day to update more knowledge about plants and flowers.